# LSAT & Law School Blog

In order to truly master the logical reasoning section on the LSAT you must first master the different types of questions that you may encounter. Learning to identify the question type will allow you to attack each problem in the most efficient manner. There are about seven reoccurring question types which include: flaw, assumption, inference, strengthen, weaken, paradox, and principle. You can read more about the frequency of each of these question types in this article on Magoosh. As stated in the article, the three types of questions you will encounter most frequently will be assumption, flaw, and inference questions- so we will spend some time highlighting these three this week. First, an assumption question will give you an argument that is missing an important component, and you must choose the answer choice that best fits in with the argument. You can find a detailed explanation and example on 7sage. Next, a flaw question is one in which there is not proper support between the premise and conclusion – AKA there is a “flaw” in the relationship between the two. You can find example questions and a detailed explanation on lawschooli. Finally, in an inference question you must choose the answer that is most supported.

The Argument Section on the LSAT requires a brain in critical thinking mode. This article by Magoosh outlines why it is such an important section. You must be able to identify the author’s conclusion, or the point they are trying to make, as well as the evidence used to support that argument. In this article we will focus on the evidence, also called the author’s premise. Let’s consider this example:

The Argument Section on the LSAT requires a critically trained brain. Most importantly, you must be able to identify the author’s conclusion, or the point they are trying to make, as well as the evidence used to support that argument. In this article we will focus on the conclusion. Stay tuned for next week's tip on identifying the author's evidence, or premise.

The Argument Section of the LSAT, also known as the logical reasoning section, is made up of 24 to 26 arguments. Helpful LSAT course sites like 7Sage usually include an entire section devoted to logical reasoning and arguments. The first step to answering a logical reasoning question is, surprise, surprise, thinking critically. Usually when we think of arguments, we think of heated or emotional exchanges between people. For the purposes of the LSAT, it is very important that you do not respond to the information presented in an emotional way. Your goal is not to agree or disagree with the content, but rather to analyze the strengths or flaws of the argument itself. You want to make sure that you understand the author’s conclusion and how they used evidence to form their argument. If you are able to understand HOW the author argues, you will be better prepared to answer the question at hand. As you try to understand the HOW, it is crucial to remember that it is usually pretty difficult to make a nuanced and full argument within the span of three or four sentences. This means, that usually there will be some gap in the author’s argument. As you read, train your brain to be on the lookout for flaws in the argument. Stay on the lookout for what the author is attempting to convince you of, how the author is using evidence to support their point, and where in the argument the author has failed in that effort.

With the new year comes new habits, and create these new habits around how you will approach and attack the LSAT. This week, spend a few hours each day reviewing logic games. This section can seem daunting to some, but in reality it is the easiest to master if you just can get a little faster at them and master the rules. Through some trial and error, here is what I found to be the most efficient way to complete a logic game. Two overarching ideas to keep in mind: (1) stay organized and (2) write legibly. Nothing is more frustrating than trying to decode your own handwriting and thoughts while already facing something as mind-consuming as a logic game. First, read the question and then diagram on the right side of the page where the individual questions are. This will save you precious time from scanning back and forth. Make sure you label the diagram you create for each question as well, helping you stay organized, and ensuring they are not too large or complex. The biggest tip to remember though is to simply memorize the rules. The LSAT questions, minus a few outliers, follow a set fact-pattern and rule that has been established already. Spot these rules, memorize these rules, and know them like the back of your hand. Keeping all of this in mind you can make the logic games your best section in no time.