LSAT & Law School Blog

There are three major types of Analytical Reasoning, or Logic Game, questions. These include sequencing, grouping, and matching games. This week we will talk about how to spot each type of question. Sequencing games are generally the most common, and you can spot these by generally looking for one set of variables. For example, there will be 7 runners and 7 places they could finish in. Note that there could be more variables, but this still constitutes as a sequencing question. Next, we have grouping games. Grouping games will also only have one set of variables, but here there are usually multiple places each variable can go. For example, there could be 10 people that need to be placed on 2 teams. Finally, we have matching games. Matching games differ as they usually have two sets of variables but there is no order to put them into. For example, you could have 6 people and 3 types of pets. Now that you know the major types of logic games, head to TestSherpa to see example problems and test your understanding!

The LSAT Analytical Reasoning, or Logic Games, can seem daunting if you walk in without a game plan. This week we will briefly discuss diagramming to give you a solid foundation on how to attack these questions. First, get comfortable with diagramming. There are many different ways to diagram, so try them all out and see which one works best for you - here is one by the LSAT Trainer. While you diagram, look for key phrases that will help you pull out rules. Magoosh does an excellent overview of different logic patterns and how to diagram them. The three major types of logic games are sequencing, grouping, and matching. Each of these will be diagrammed in its own way, so make sure you know how to approach each one. Once you tackle and master diagramming, you will see a drastic improvement on your logic games section.

In order to truly master the logical reasoning section on the LSAT you must first master the different types of questions that you may encounter. Learning to identify the question type will allow you to attack each problem in the most efficient manner. There are about seven reoccurring question types which include: flaw, assumption, inference, strengthen, weaken, paradox, and principle. You can read more about the frequency of each of these question types in this article on Magoosh. As stated in the article, the three types of questions you will encounter most frequently will be assumption, flaw, and inference questions- so we will spend some time highlighting these three this week. First, an assumption question will give you an argument that is missing an important component, and you must choose the answer choice that best fits in with the argument. You can find a detailed explanation and example on 7sage. Next, a flaw question is one in which there is not proper support between the premise and conclusion – AKA there is a “flaw” in the relationship between the two. You can find example questions and a detailed explanation on lawschooli. Finally, in an inference question you must choose the answer that is most supported.

The Argument Section on the LSAT requires a brain in critical thinking mode. This article by Magoosh outlines why it is such an important section. You must be able to identify the author’s conclusion, or the point they are trying to make, as well as the evidence used to support that argument. In this article we will focus on the evidence, also called the author’s premise. Let’s consider this example:

The Argument Section on the LSAT requires a critically trained brain. Most importantly, you must be able to identify the author’s conclusion, or the point they are trying to make, as well as the evidence used to support that argument. In this article we will focus on the conclusion. Stay tuned for next week's tip on identifying the author's evidence, or premise.